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常考语法的十五要点-2019年专升本英语考试重点-浙江专升本

浙江成人高考信息网 发布时间:2018-12-31 16:58:40




一、动词时态及语态题(咱们应该记住我所讲过的九种时态,特别是其间的曩昔完成,曩昔进行时,客观真理要用通常如今时等)

 

1、The manager told us that this factory was built in 1958.

 

2、By the time we got there,the play had already begun.

 

3、When I was a child,I knew that the earth turns about its axis.

   4、When Mr.Delay got home after a day's exhausting work,his wife children were sleeping.

 

二、非谓语动词题(特别是如今分词与过期分词的差异,咱们一定要弄理解自动与被迫这对最最主要的差异)

 

1、The film showed last night was very moving.(不必moved,咱们别忘了-ed形容词和-ing形容词的差异)

 

2、Having finishing his lecture,the teacher asked if anyone wished to asked a question.

 

3、The problem being discussed is very important.

 

4、Given more time,we are sure to finish it.


5、Will you please make yourself known to everyone here.


三、It作方式主语及方式宾语题(这也是一个常考点,it自身是没有意思的,留意it还能够指时刻,气候等。)

 

1、It is difficult to study English well.

 

2、We think it is important to pass the exam.

 

四、着重句型(咱们要记住的是it is(was)……that…,假如前面是it is/was后边通常选用that,当然着重人的时分也可用who)

 

1、It was at an evening party that I first saw her.

 

2、It is what you will do that is important.

 

3、When was it that he bought a new car.

 

五、倒装句型

 

悉数倒装句(这种悉数倒装题历年只考过一次,考得最多的都是下面的有些倒装)

 

1、Stop talking!There comes the teacher.

 

有些倒装句(假如选项里边有两个主谓倒装了,两个没有,咱们通常要在倒装里做挑选)

 

1、So badly was he hurt in the accident that he had to be sent to hospital.

   2、Not only does he study well,but also he is always ready to help others.

 

3、Mary has done well in the English exam.So she has. She always does well in the exam.

 

六、从句中挑选关系词题(重点在定语从句,多看笔记,because/since/now that as for;so…that…such… that…)

 

1、It was in so friendly a way that he talked with us.

 

2、Oct.15,2005 is a day when we will take our English examination.

 

3、We want to buy the same book as you are reading.

 

4、The sun heats the earth,which is very important to living things.

 

七、虚拟语气(咱们要记住与如今,曩昔,将来相反的三种状况,特别是与曩昔相反的状况最常考,再有就是wish as if后边所接的三种状况,还有一个常考点在suggest,demand,require,order等表明主张,需求,命令的词后边加从句时,从句里谓语要用(should)+动词原形,假如是被迫则用(should+be +动词曩昔分词)

 

1、I would have done it better if I had had more time.

 

2、I wish you would go with us tomorrow.

 

3、I suggest that we(should )adopt a different policy.


4、Had it not been for your help,we would never have been able to get over the difficulties.

 

八、神态动词题(除了把握多见神态动词根本用法外,常考点在三种表估测的状况,分别为must表对如今工作的必定估测,can't表对如今现实的否定估测,must have+v-ed表明对曩昔现实的必定估测,而则表明曩昔应该做某事而没有做)

 

1、The ground is so wet,it must have rained last night.

 

2、She must be a doctor,I think.

 

3、I should have called you last week,but I was too busy then.

 

九、几组形容词及副词差异题(留意比较级、最高级、倍数表达;likely possible probable;worth worthy;too much;much too;already yet等)

 

1、His books are three time as many as my books.

 

2、The Nile river is the longest river in the world.

 

3、It is much too hot tonight.

 

4、The harder he worked,the happier he felt.

 

十、主谓共同题(通常命题者都是考谓语动词选奇数这种状况,如each,every,everyone这样的词作主语以及Mary,like many other girls likes listening to music这样的题)

 

1、The moral of the officers crew was very high.

 

2、Each boy each girl in the city is asked to go to school.

 

3、Neither the quality nor the prices have changed.(近位原则)

 

十一、动词及动词词组差异题(常考的有raise rise arise arose; spend cost take pay afford;wound injure hurt damage;find out discover invent; hit strike ring beat; tell say speak talk;join intake part in等以及我所讲过的动词短语)

 

1、Can you tell the difference between these two words.

 

2、He joined the army three years ago.

 

十二、主句用将来时,从句则用通常如今时(或如今完成时)表将来时

 

1、They will leave the classroom when they have finished writing.

 

2、We will start to work as soon as our teacher comes.

 

十三、名词所有格以及名词后边有限守时则该名词前一定要加定冠词the题(名词的格有以下两种状况,Tom'book,以及the books of our school,特别是用of表明的所有格咱们一定要习气这种表达)

 

1、Beijing is the capital of China.

 

2、He can't have the expience of all of the world.

 

十四、常用介词差异题(如on,in,except besides,within,without,through等)

 

1、You should write in ink not with your pencil.

 

2、He pulled her into the train by the arm.

 

3、by bustrainair… On foot,on the farm,in the morningafternoonevening,at nightnoon.

 

十五、常考代词题(常考的有other others,another the other;sometimes some time sometime;that which;that what,either neither or;too also either;many much a great deal of a great number of a great amount of;a few few littlea little;as long as;as far as;so long as;so far as )

 

1、That you don't like him is none of my business.

 

2、The weather in the north is much colder than that in the south in January.

 

3、He must be a worker. I think so.